#) Gauss’s Law: In physics, Gauss’s law, also known as Gauss’s flux theorem, is a law relating to the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
>> The law was formulated by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1835, but was not published until 1867.
>> Gauss’s law states that the net flux of an electric field through a closed surface is proportional to the enclosed electric charge.
>> The electric flux is defined as the electric field passing through a given area multiplied by the area of the surface in a plane perpendicular to the field.
>> Another statement of Gauss’s law is that the net flux of an electric field through a surface divided by the enclosed charge is equal to a constant.