Raoult’s Law

#) Raoult’s Law: Raoult’s law is a law of thermodynamics established by French physicist t states that the partial vapor pressure of each component of an ideal mixture of liquids is equal to the vapor pressure of the pure component multiplied François-Marie Raoult in 1882.

{+} Iby its mole fraction in the mixture.

{+} Mathematically, Raoult’s law for a single component in an ideal solution is stated as
p_i = p^{\star}_i x_i,

{+} where p_i is the partial vapor pressure of the component i in the gaseous mixture (above the solution), p_i^{\star} is the vapor pressure of the pure component i, and x_i is the mole fraction of the component i in the mixture (in the solution).

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